Snakes

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Snakes of Singapore

Singapore is home to 67 different species of snakes. Due to our tropical environment, snakes are active all throughout the year in Singapore. They come in a variety of sizes, from the 20-centimetre-long Brahminy Blind Snake to the over-9-meter-long Reticulated Python.

Significant ecological functions

  • Pythons, for example, are a key biological deterrent for the local rodent population.

  • In a food chain that is balanced, snakes play an important role as prey for larger mammals and birds as well as predators of tiny creatures.
     

Snakes are often timid animals and will attempt to slither away from people. Snakes are often not hostile and won't strike unless provoked or disturbed. Keep your cool and maintain a safe distance if you do happen to see a live snake.

Most Common Types of Snakes

Singapore may be small in comparison to other nations, but it is home to over 70 different kinds of snakes. These species range in size from little snakes to enormous ones. Snakes are being pushed back into more natural habitats as a result of the country becoming increasingly urbanized. The issue is that these are still close to homes and structures. Snakes can appear in sewers or in the backyards of houses.

You will have to deal with an unexpected snake presence inside or outside your home if you live in Singapore. You must therefore be aware of which species are harmful and which are dangerous. It is difficult to distinguish venomous snakes from non-venomous snakes.

What are the most typical snake species that you might expect to see in Singapore?

1. King Cobra

 

It is risky to encounter a king cobra (scientific name: Ophiophagus Hannah) during the day. The largest poisonous snake in the world, it is. Because their venom is lethal, they are greatly feared. The king cobra is a snake that inhabits lowlands and very high altitudes. It eats lizards, rodents, and other snakes.
 

Physical Characteristics:

  • larger hood when extended out entirely

  • large head protection

  • large body

  • With a light yellow underside, they are black, light brown, and dark brown.

  • can rise up to a height of six feet.

  • can make a growling hissing noise.

 

2. Reticulated Python

 

A nocturnal, non-venomous snake is the reticulated Python (scientific name: Malayopython Reticulatus). It is the world's longest snake, with the longest measuring more than 10 metres. It inhabits low-lying to high-lying environments, mangroves, drain canals, and woods. This kind of snake feeds primarily on rodents, small animals, and birds. You should contact NEA pest control right away if you discovered this snake on your premises.
 

Physical Characteristics:

  • The characteristic zigzag pattern of scales in black, yellow, brown, and white

  • Head with its back turned inward

  • longer than other types of snake

  • dull orange eyes with black pupils that resemble slits

  • suffocates its prey by constricting it, then swallows it whole after crushing its bones.

 

3. Banded Krait

 

The poisonous banded krait (scientific name: Bungarus Fasciatus) forages seeks food at night. It feeds on fish, lizards, cats, rodents, and other snakes in order to survive. The Banded Krait frequents regions near water, termite mounds, and rodent burrows. This snake may bite anyone who approaches it if it feels threatened.

Physical Characteristics:

  • Head to tail are striped in black and white.

  • a dark head

  • the triangular-sectioned body

 

4. Oriental Whip Snake

 

The mildly venomous Oriental Whip Snake (scientific name: Ahaetulla Prasina) is most active throughout the day. Even though it bears venom, its bite cannot kill a human. It consumes lizards, birds, and frogs for food. It is typically found in green spaces like parks, forests, and neighbourhoods with trees.
 

Physical Characteristics:

  • a little lanky snake

  • Light brown to vivid green scales

  • may expand to a length of 2 metres

 

5. Black Spitting Cobra

 

The Black Spitting Cobra, also known as Naja Sumatrana in scientific literature, is a poisonous snake that spits venom directly into its victim's eyes. Like rats and other amphibians, it goes food hunting at night. Cool areas like garden walls, sewers, and shelters are where it can be found. If not immediately rinsed away, the snake's poison can permanently harm eye tissues, while its bite can instantly kill any living thing.
 

Physical Characteristics:

  • the colour black to bluish-black

  • hood that raises when angered

  • able to stand tall

  • able to spit poison into a tormentor's eyes

 

6. Banded Malayan Coral Snake

 

Another snake with lethal venom is the Banded Malayan Coral Snake (Calliphis intestinalis, scientific name). It searches for other snakes to feed on at night when it is active. They typically live in forests, parks, and gardens.
 

Physical Characteristics:

  • the following physical traits:

  • with a crimson stripe across the length of the body's top side.

  • shining red tail

  • On the underside, there are contrasting black and white stripes.

  • can reach a height of 50 cm.

 

7. Paradise Tree Snake

 

The stunning Paradise Tree Snake (Chrysopelea Paradise) is a common sight in woodlands. They can be found in coastal forests, mangroves, gardens, and parks. It can execute its own kind of parachute jump and is also known as the Flying Tree Snake. They can travel long distances to capture their prey or flee from other predators because of this. The Paradise Tree Snake frequently consumes lizards that live in trees. It has fang grooves where it can emit a small amount of venom.
 

Physical Characteristics:

  • the following physical traits:

  • a skilled tree climber

  • a lengthy, cylinder-shaped body

  • Head with five different bands of yellow specks on a flat surface.

  • Yellow or green with a black netting pattern on the topside

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